.after()


.after( content [, content ] )Returns: jQuery

Description: Insert content, specified by the parameter, after each element in the set of matched elements.

  • version added: 1.0.after( content [, content ] )

    • content
      Type: htmlString or Element or Array or jQuery
      HTML string, DOM element, array of elements, or jQuery object to insert after each element in the set of matched elements.
    • content
      Type: htmlString or Element or Array or jQuery
      One or more additional DOM elements, arrays of elements, HTML strings, or jQuery objects to insert after each element in the set of matched elements.
  • version added: 1.4.after( function )

    • function
      Type: Function( Integer index, String html ) => htmlString or Element or jQuery
      A function that returns an HTML string, DOM element(s), or jQuery object to insert after each element in the set of matched elements. Receives the index position of the element in the set as an argument. Within the function, this refers to the current element in the set.

The .after() and .insertAfter() methods perform the same task. The major difference is in the syntax—specifically, in the placement of the content and target. With .after(), the selector expression preceding the method is the container after which the content is inserted. With .insertAfter(), on the other hand, the content precedes the method, either as a selector expression or as markup created on the fly, and it is inserted after the target container.

Using the following HTML:

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<div class="container">
<h2>Greetings</h2>
<div class="inner">Hello</div>
<div class="inner">Goodbye</div>
</div>

Content can be created and then inserted after several elements at once:

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$( ".inner" ).after( "<p>Test</p>" );

Each inner <div> element gets this new content:

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<div class="container">
<h2>Greetings</h2>
<div class="inner">Hello</div>
<p>Test</p>
<div class="inner">Goodbye</div>
<p>Test</p>
</div>

An element in the DOM can also be selected and inserted after another element:

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$( ".container" ).after( $( "h2" ) );

If an element selected this way is inserted into a single location elsewhere in the DOM, it will be moved rather than cloned:

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<div class="container">
<div class="inner">Hello</div>
<div class="inner">Goodbye</div>
</div>
<h2>Greetings</h2>

Important: If there is more than one target element, however, cloned copies of the inserted element will be created for each target except for the last one.

Inserting Disconnected DOM nodes

As of jQuery 1.4, .before() and .after() will also work on disconnected DOM nodes. For example, given the following code:

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$( "<div></div>" ).after( "<p></p>" );

The result is a jQuery set containing a div and a paragraph, in that order. That set can be further manipulated, even before it is inserted in the document.

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$( "<div></div>" )
.after( "<p></p>" )
.addClass( "foo" )
.filter( "p" )
.attr( "id", "bar" )
.html( "hello" )
.end()
.appendTo( "body" );

This results in the following elements inserted just before the closing </body> tag:

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<div class="foo"></div>
<p class="foo" id="bar">hello</p>

Passing a Function

As of jQuery 1.4, .after() supports passing a function that returns the elements to insert.

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$( "p" ).after(function() {
return "<div>" + this.className + "</div>";
});

This example inserts a <div> after each paragraph, with each new <div> containing the class name(s) of its preceding paragraph.

Additional Arguments

Similar to other content-adding methods such as .prepend() and .before(), .after() also supports passing in multiple arguments as input. Supported input includes DOM elements, jQuery objects, HTML strings, and arrays of DOM elements.

For example, the following will insert two new <div>s and an existing <div> after the first paragraph:

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var $newdiv1 = $( "<div id='object1'/>" ),
newdiv2 = document.createElement( "div" ),
existingdiv1 = document.getElementById( "foo" );
$( "p" ).first().after( $newdiv1, [ newdiv2, existingdiv1 ] );

Since .after() can accept any number of additional arguments, the same result can be achieved by passing in the three <div>s as three separate arguments, like so: $( "p" ).first().after( $newdiv1, newdiv2, existingdiv1 ). The type and number of arguments will largely depend on the elements that are collected in the code.

Additional Notes:

  • Prior to jQuery 1.9, .after() would attempt to add or change nodes in the current jQuery set if the first node in the set was not connected to a document, and in those cases return a new jQuery set rather than the original set. The method might or might not have returned a new result depending on the number or connectedness of its arguments! As of jQuery 1.9, .after(), .before(), and .replaceWith() always return the original unmodified set. Attempting to use these methods on a node without a parent has no effect—that is, neither the set nor the nodes it contains are changed.
  • By design, any jQuery constructor or method that accepts an HTML string — jQuery(), .append(), .after(), etc. — can potentially execute code. This can occur by injection of script tags or use of HTML attributes that execute code (for example, <img onload="">). Do not use these methods to insert strings obtained from untrusted sources such as URL query parameters, cookies, or form inputs. Doing so can introduce cross-site-scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities. Remove or escape any user input before adding content to the document.

Examples:

Example: Inserts some HTML after all paragraphs.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>after demo</title>
<style>
p {
background: yellow;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<p>I would like to say: </p>
<script>
$( "p" ).after( "<b>Hello</b>" );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Inserts a DOM element after all paragraphs.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>after demo</title>
<style>
p {
background: yellow;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<p>I would like to say: </p>
<script>
$( "p" ).after( document.createTextNode( "Hello" ) );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Inserts a jQuery object (similar to an Array of DOM Elements) after all paragraphs.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>after demo</title>
<style>
p {
background: yellow;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<b>Hello</b>
<p>I would like to say: </p>
<script>
$( "p" ).after( $( "b" ) );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: