.slideToggle()


.slideToggle( [duration ] [, complete ] )Returns: jQuery

Description: Display or hide the matched elements with a sliding motion.

  • version added: 1.0.slideToggle( [duration ] [, complete ] )

    • duration (default: 400)
      Type: Number or String
      A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
    • complete
      Type: Function()
      A function to call once the animation is complete.
  • version added: 1.0.slideToggle( options )

    • options
      A map of additional options to pass to the method.
      • duration (default: 400)
        Type: Number or String
        A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
      • easing (default: swing)
        Type: String
        A string indicating which easing function to use for the transition.
      • queue (default: true)
        Type: Boolean or String
        A Boolean indicating whether to place the animation in the effects queue. If false, the animation will begin immediately. As of jQuery 1.7, the queue option can also accept a string, in which case the animation is added to the queue represented by that string. When a custom queue name is used the animation does not automatically start; you must call .dequeue("queuename") to start it.
      • specialEasing
        A map of one or more of the CSS properties defined by the properties argument and their corresponding easing functions. (version added: 1.4)
      • step
        Type: Function( Number now, Tween tween )
        A function to be called for each animated property of each animated element. This function provides an opportunity to modify the Tween object to change the value of the property before it is set.
      • progress
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Number progress, Number remainingMs )
        A function to be called after each step of the animation, only once per animated element regardless of the number of animated properties. (version added: 1.8)
      • complete
        Type: Function()
        A function to call once the animation is complete.
      • start
        Type: Function( Promise animation )
        A function to call when the animation begins. (version added: 1.8)
      • done
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation completes (its Promise object is resolved). (version added: 1.8)
      • fail
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation fails to complete (its Promise object is rejected). (version added: 1.8)
      • always
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation completes or stops without completing (its Promise object is either resolved or rejected). (version added: 1.8)
  • version added: 1.4.3.slideToggle( [duration ] [, easing ] [, complete ] )

    • duration (default: 400)
      Type: Number or String
      A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
    • easing (default: swing)
      Type: String
      A string indicating which easing function to use for the transition.
    • complete
      Type: Function()
      A function to call once the animation is complete.

The .slideToggle() method animates the height of the matched elements. This causes lower parts of the page to slide up or down, appearing to reveal or conceal the items. If the element is initially displayed, it will be hidden; if hidden, it will be shown. The display property is saved and restored as needed. If an element has a display value of inline, then is hidden and shown, it will once again be displayed inline. When the height reaches 0 after a hiding animation, the display style property is set to none to ensure that the element no longer affects the layout of the page.

Durations are given in milliseconds; higher values indicate slower animations, not faster ones. The strings 'fast' and 'slow' can be supplied to indicate durations of 200 and 600 milliseconds, respectively.

We can animate any element, such as a simple image:

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<div id="clickme">
Click here
</div>
<img id="book" src="book.png" alt="" width="100" height="123">

We will cause .slideToggle() to be called when another element is clicked:

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$( "#clickme" ).click(function() {
$( "#book" ).slideToggle( "slow", function() {
// Animation complete.
});
});

With the element initially shown, we can hide it slowly with the first click:

A second click will show the element once again:

Easing

As of jQuery 1.4.3, an optional string naming an easing function may be used. Easing functions specify the speed at which the animation progresses at different points within the animation. The only easing implementations in the jQuery library are the default, called swing, and one that progresses at a constant pace, called linear. More easing functions are available with the use of plug-ins, most notably the jQuery UI suite.

Callback Function

If supplied, the callback is fired once the animation is complete. This can be useful for stringing different animations together in sequence. The callback is not sent any arguments, but this is set to the DOM element being animated. If multiple elements are animated, it is important to note that the callback is executed once per matched element, not once for the animation as a whole.

As of jQuery 1.6, the .promise() method can be used in conjunction with the deferred.done() method to execute a single callback for the animation as a whole when all matching elements have completed their animations ( See the example for .promise() ).

Additional Notes:

  • All jQuery effects, including .slideToggle(), can be turned off globally by setting jQuery.fx.off = true, which effectively sets the duration to 0. For more information, see jQuery.fx.off.
  • If .slideDown() is called on an unordered list (<ul>) and its <li> elements have position (relative, absolute, or fixed), the effect may not work properly in IE6 through at least IE9 unless the <ul> has "layout." To remedy the problem, add the position: relative; and zoom: 1; CSS declarations to the ul.

Examples:

Example: Animates all paragraphs to slide up or down, completing the animation within 600 milliseconds.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>slideToggle demo</title>
<style>
p {
width: 400px;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<button>Toggle</button>
<p>
This is the paragraph to end all paragraphs. You
should feel <em>lucky</em> to have seen such a paragraph in
your life. Congratulations!
</p>
<script>
$( "button" ).click(function() {
$( "p" ).slideToggle( "slow" );
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Animates divs between dividers with a toggle that makes some appear and some disappear.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>slideToggle demo</title>
<style>
div {
background: #b977d1;
margin: 3px;
width: 60px;
height: 60px;
float: left;
}
div.still {
background: #345;
width: 5px;
}
div.hider {
display: none;
}
span {
color: red;
}
p {
clear: left;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div></div>
<div class="still"></div>
<div style="display:none;">
</div><div class="still"></div>
<div></div>
<div class="still"></div>
<div class="hider"></div>
<div class="still"></div>
<div class="hider"></div>
<div class="still"></div>
<div></div>
<p><button id="aa">Toggle</button> There have been <span>0</span> toggled divs.</p>
<script>
$( "#aa" ).click(function() {
$( "div:not(.still)" ).slideToggle( "slow", function() {
var n = parseInt( $( "span" ).text(), 10 );
$( "span" ).text( n + 1 );
});
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: