.index()


.index()Returns: Number

Description: Search for a given element from among the matched elements.

Return Values

If no argument is passed to the .index() method, the return value is an integer indicating the position of the first element within the jQuery object relative to its sibling elements.

If .index() is called on a collection of elements and a DOM element or jQuery object is passed in, .index() returns an integer indicating the position of the passed element relative to the original collection.

If a selector string is passed as an argument, .index() returns an integer indicating the position of the first element within the jQuery object relative to the elements matched by the selector. If the element is not found, .index() will return -1.

Detail

The complementary operation to .get(), which accepts an index and returns a DOM node, .index() can take a DOM node and returns an index. Suppose we have a simple unordered list on the page:

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<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>

If we retrieve one of the three list items (for example, through a DOM function or as the context to an event handler), .index() can search for this list item within the set of matched elements:

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var listItem = document.getElementById( "bar" );
alert( "Index: " + $( "li" ).index( listItem ) );

We get back the zero-based position of the list item:

Index: 1

Similarly, if we retrieve a jQuery object consisting of one of the three list items, .index() will search for that list item:

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var listItem = $( "#bar" );
alert( "Index: " + $( "li" ).index( listItem ) );

We get back the zero-based position of the list item:

Index: 1

Note that if the jQuery collection used as the .index() method's argument contains more than one element, the first element within the matched set of elements will be used.

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var listItems = $( "li:gt(0)" );
alert( "Index: " + $( "li" ).index( listItems ) );

We get back the zero-based position of the first list item within the matched set:

Index: 1

If we use a string as the .index() method's argument, it is interpreted as a jQuery selector string. The first element among the object's matched elements which also matches this selector is located.

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var listItem = $( "#bar" );
alert( "Index: " + listItem.index( "li" ) );

We get back the zero-based position of the list item:

Index: 1

If we omit the argument, .index() will return the position of the first element within the set of matched elements in relation to its siblings:

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alert( "Index: " + $( "#bar" ).index() );

Again, we get back the zero-based position of the list item:

Index: 1

Examples:

Example: On click, returns the index (zero-based) of that div in the page.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
background: yellow;
margin: 5px;
}
span {
color: red;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<span>Click a div!</span>
<div>First div</div>
<div>Second div</div>
<div>Third div</div>
<script>
$( "div" ).click(function() {
// `this` is the DOM element that was clicked
var index = $( "div" ).index( this );
$( "span" ).text( "That was div index #" + index );
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Returns the index for the element with ID bar.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
font-weight: bold;
color: #090;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>
<div></div>
<script>
var listItem = $( "#bar" );
$( "div" ).html( "Index: " + $( "li" ).index( listItem ) );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Returns the index for the first item in the jQuery collection.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
font-weight: bold;
color: #090;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>
<div></div>
<script>
var listItems = $( "li:gt(0)" );
$( "div" ).html( "Index: " + $( "li" ).index( listItems ) );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Returns the index for the element with ID bar in relation to all <li> elements.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
font-weight: bold;
color: #090;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>
<div></div>
<script>
$( "div" ).html( "Index: " + $( "#bar" ).index( "li" ) );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Returns the index for the element with ID bar in relation to its siblings.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
font-weight: bold;
color: #090;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>
<div></div>
<script>
var barIndex = $( "#bar" ).index();
$( "div" ).html( "Index: " + barIndex );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Returns -1, as there is no element with ID foobar.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>index demo</title>
<style>
div {
font-weight: bold;
color: #090;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
<li id="foo">foo</li>
<li id="bar">bar</li>
<li id="baz">baz</li>
</ul>
<div></div>
<script>
var foobar = $( "li" ).index( $( "#foobar" ) );
$( "div" ).html( "Index: " + foobar );
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: