.hide()


.hide()Returns: jQuery

Description: Hide the matched elements.

  • version added: 1.0.hide()

    • This signature does not accept any arguments.
  • version added: 1.0.hide( [duration ] [, complete ] )

    • duration (default: 400)
      Type: Number or String
      A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
    • complete
      Type: Function()
      A function to call once the animation is complete.
  • version added: 1.0.hide( options )

    • options
      A map of additional options to pass to the method.
      • duration (default: 400)
        Type: Number or String
        A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
      • easing (default: swing)
        Type: String
        A string indicating which easing function to use for the transition.
      • queue (default: true)
        Type: Boolean or String
        A Boolean indicating whether to place the animation in the effects queue. If false, the animation will begin immediately. As of jQuery 1.7, the queue option can also accept a string, in which case the animation is added to the queue represented by that string. When a custom queue name is used the animation does not automatically start; you must call .dequeue("queuename") to start it.
      • specialEasing
        A map of one or more of the CSS properties defined by the properties argument and their corresponding easing functions. (version added: 1.4)
      • step
        Type: Function( Number now, Tween tween )
        A function to be called for each animated property of each animated element. This function provides an opportunity to modify the Tween object to change the value of the property before it is set.
      • progress
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Number progress, Number remainingMs )
        A function to be called after each step of the animation, only once per animated element regardless of the number of animated properties. (version added: 1.8)
      • complete
        Type: Function()
        A function to call once the animation is complete.
      • start
        Type: Function( Promise animation )
        A function to call when the animation begins. (version added: 1.8)
      • done
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation completes (its Promise object is resolved). (version added: 1.8)
      • fail
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation fails to complete (its Promise object is rejected). (version added: 1.8)
      • always
        Type: Function( Promise animation, Boolean jumpedToEnd )
        A function to be called when the animation completes or stops without completing (its Promise object is either resolved or rejected). (version added: 1.8)
  • version added: 1.4.3.hide( duration [, easing ] [, complete ] )

    • duration (default: 400)
      Type: Number or String
      A string or number determining how long the animation will run.
    • easing (default: swing)
      Type: String
      A string indicating which easing function to use for the transition.
    • complete
      Type: Function()
      A function to call once the animation is complete.

With no parameters, the .hide() method is the simplest way to hide an element:

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$( ".target" ).hide();

The matched elements will be hidden immediately, with no animation. This is roughly equivalent to calling .css( "display", "none" ), except that the value of the display property is saved in jQuery's data cache so that display can later be restored to its initial value. If an element has a display value of inline and is hidden then shown, it will once again be displayed inline.

When a duration, a plain object, or a "complete" function is provided, .hide() becomes an animation method. The .hide() method animates the width, height, and opacity of the matched elements simultaneously. When these properties reach 0, the display style property is set to none to ensure that the element no longer affects the layout of the page.

Durations are given in milliseconds; higher values indicate slower animations, not faster ones. The strings 'fast' and 'slow' can be supplied to indicate durations of 200 and 600 milliseconds, respectively.

Note that .hide() is fired immediately and will override the animation queue if no duration or a duration of 0 is specified.

As of jQuery 1.4.3, an optional string naming an easing function may be used. Easing functions specify the speed at which the animation progresses at different points within the animation. The only easing implementations in the jQuery library are the default, called swing, and one that progresses at a constant pace, called linear. More easing functions are available with the use of plug-ins, most notably the jQuery UI suite.

If supplied, the callback is fired once the animation is complete. This can be useful for stringing different animations together in sequence. The callback is not sent any arguments, but this is set to the DOM element being animated. If multiple elements are animated, it is important to note that the callback is executed once per matched element, not once for the animation as a whole.

We can animate any element, such as a simple image:

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<div id="clickme">
Click here
</div>
<img id="book" src="book.png" alt="" width="100" height="123">
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// With the element initially shown, we can hide it slowly:
$( "#clickme" ).click(function() {
$( "#book" ).hide( "slow", function() {
alert( "Animation complete." );
});
});

Additional Notes:

  • All jQuery effects, including .hide(), can be turned off globally by setting jQuery.fx.off = true, which effectively sets the duration to 0. For more information, see jQuery.fx.off.

Examples:

Example: Hides all paragraphs then the link on click.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>hide demo</title>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<p>Hello</p>
<a href="#">Click to hide me too</a>
<p>Here is another paragraph</p>
<script>
$( "p" ).hide();
$( "a" ).click(function( event ) {
event.preventDefault();
$( this ).hide();
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Animates all shown paragraphs to hide slowly, completing the animation within 600 milliseconds.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>hide demo</title>
<style>
p {
background: #dad;
font-weight: bold;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<button>Hide 'em</button>
<p>Hiya</p>
<p>Such interesting text, eh?</p>
<script>
$( "button" ).click(function() {
$( "p" ).hide( "slow" );
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Animates all spans (words in this case) to hide fastly, completing each animation within 200 milliseconds. Once each animation is done, it starts the next one.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>hide demo</title>
<style>
span {
background: #def3ca;
padding: 3px;
float: left;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<button id="hider">Hide</button>
<button id="shower">Show</button>
<div>
<span>Once</span> <span>upon</span> <span>a</span>
<span>time</span> <span>there</span> <span>were</span>
<span>three</span> <span>programmers...</span>
</div>
<script>
$( "#hider" ).click(function() {
$( "span:last-child" ).hide( "fast", function() {
// Use arguments.callee so we don't need a named function
$( this ).prev().hide( "fast", arguments.callee );
});
});
$( "#shower" ).click(function() {
$( "span" ).show( 2000 );
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Hides the divs when clicked over 2 seconds, then removes the div element when its hidden. Try clicking on more than one box at a time.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>hide demo</title>
<style>
div {
background: #ece023;
width: 30px;
height: 40px;
margin: 2px;
float: left;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div></div>
<script>
for ( var i = 0; i < 5; i++ ) {
$( "<div>" ).appendTo( document.body );
}
$( "div" ).click(function() {
$( this ).hide( 2000, function() {
$( this ).remove();
});
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: