:file Selector


file selector

Description: Selects all elements of type file.

  • version added: 1.0jQuery( ":file" )

:file is equivalent to [type="file"]. As with other pseudo-class selectors (those that begin with a ":") it is recommended to precede it with a tag name or some other selector; otherwise, the universal selector ("*") is implied. In other words, the bare $( ":file" ) is equivalent to $("*:file" ), so $( "input:file" ) should be used instead.

Additional Notes:

  • Because :file is a jQuery extension and not part of the CSS specification, queries using :file cannot take advantage of the performance boost provided by the native DOM querySelectorAll() method. For better performance in modern browsers, use [type="file"] instead.

Example:

Finds all file inputs.

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<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>file demo</title>
<style>
textarea {
height: 45px;
}
</style>
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<form>
<input type="button" value="Input Button">
<input type="checkbox">
<input type="file">
<input type="hidden">
<input type="image">
<input type="password">
<input type="radio">
<input type="reset">
<input type="submit">
<input type="text">
<select><option>Option</option></select>
<textarea></textarea>
<button>Button</button>
</form>
<div></div>
<script>
var input = $( "input:file" ).css({
background: "yellow",
border: "3px red solid"
});
$( "div" )
.text( "For this type jQuery found " + input.length + "." )
.css( "color", "red" );
$( "form" ).submit(function( event ) {
event.preventDefault();
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: